homepage sikh-origin sikh-gurus sikh-martyrs gurus-messages sikh-gurudwaras sikh-holybook sikh-khalsa sikh-festivals sikh-values golden-temple sikh-takhts
Guru Granth Sahib ji

Guru Granth Sahib ji is the sacred book of the Sikhs. It is revered as an eternal Guru, a sacred conduit for wisdom and guidance. Guru Gobind Singh ji (1666-1708), the tenth Guru, affirmed Guru Granth Sahib ji as his successor.

The holybook remained not only the holy scripture of the Sikhs, but is also regarded by them as the living embodiment of the Ten Gurus. When one visits a Gurudwara (a sikh temple), the Guru Granth sahib ji forms the main part of the Darbar Sahib or Main hall. The holy book is placed on a dominant platform known as Takht (throne) and covered in a very beautiful and attractive fine cloth. The platform is always covered by a canopy. The devotees bow before the Guru and offer Karah Prashad (sacred food) or money in the Gurudwara. Guru Granth Sahib ji is taken care by Granthi. He is responsible for reciting from holy book and leading the Sikh Prayer. The holy book was first compiled by the fifth Sikh Guru, Guru Arjan Dev ji (1563-1606), from hymns of the first five Sikh Gurus and other great saints of the hindu and muslim traditions and was then called Adi Granth. It was written by Bhai Gurdas ji, under the direct supervision of Guru Arjan Dev ji, who themselves dictated the text. The Adi Granth took five years to complete and was installed in Harmandir Sahib ("the abode of God"), popularly known as the Golden Temple, in 1604, with Baba Buddha ji as the first Granthi. The final composition of Adi Granth was prepared by Guru Gobind Singh ji with the scribe Bhai Mani Singh ji at Talwandi Sabo (renamed as Damdama Sahib). Guru Gobind Singh ji added the hymns composed by Guru Tegh Bahadur ji. The original scribe of the Adi Granth was Bhai Gurdas ji and later Bhai Mani Singh ji. After the demise of the tenth Sikh Guru many handwritten copies were prepared for distribution by Baba Deep Singh ji. The Guru Granth Sahib ji is a voluminous text of 1430 pages, compiled and composed during the period of sikh Gurus, from 1469 to 1708. It is compiled in the form of hymns written in praise of God, which describes what God is like and the right way to live. Written in the Gurmukhi script, it is written predominantly in Punjabi but includes cursory use of other languages including Braj, Old Punjabi, khariboli (Hindi) and Persian. The hymns and teachings contained in the Sikh holy book are called Gurbani (word of the Guru). Guru Granth Sahib ji provides unique and unequalled guidance and advice to the whole of the human race. It is the torch that will lead humanity out of era of evil to a life in peace, tranquillity and spiritual enlightment.